Coronavirus is the diseasecaused by the new coronavirus that emerged in China in December 2019.
COVID-19 symptoms are cough, fever, shortness of breath, muscle aches, sore throat, unexplained loss of taste or smell, diarrhea and headache. Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus . Older people, and those who was under the medical problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop coronavirus.
1. Wash your hand
Regular hand-washing is one of the main ways to help prevent the transmission of coronavirus. Wash your hands or at lest 20 seconds, especially after:
Traveling on public transport
Being in a public place
Blowing their nose
If a person is not able to use soap and water, they can use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.
2. Take Social Distancing
Social distancing means staying at home and working remotely when possible. People should take care to avoid coming into close contact with others especially those who are older, unwell, or have symptoms of the virus. Maintain at least 1 meter distance from everyone. While coughing or sneezing.
If a person lives in a community where coronavirus is present, the government will likely have additional instructions on how to implement social distancing. These may include:
Staying home and start working from home.
Avoiding contact with anyone who is not a member of the household.
Prohibiting large gatherings of people.
Closing nonessential services, including bars and restaurants.
3. Carry Face Mask
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), people will only need to wear a face mask if they are coughing, sneezing, or taking care of someone with COVID-19.
Face masks are only effective . Take the following steps to use and dispose of a face mask correctly :
Before touching the mask or the face, wash the hands with soap for at least 20 seconds.
Make sure that the mask covers the nose and mouth, with no gaps between the face and the mask.
While wearing the mask, avoid touching it.
Wash your mask after each .
4. Avoiding touching the face
People should avoid touching their eyes, nose, and mouth with their hands, especially if they are unwashed. This can help limit the spread of virus and reduce of getting sick.
The hands come into contact with many surfaces throughout the day, and they may pick up viruses . A new report says that SARS-COV-2 can remain on certain surfaces for up to 3 days.
If a person touch the face, viruses can transfer to the eyes, nose, or mouth and enter in the body.
5. Clean and disinfect surfaces
Use alcohol-based disinfectants to clean hard surfaces in your home like doorhandles,toys,etc and you can also clean your phone, laptop, and anything else you use regularly several times in a day. Clean your room daily.
If a person in the household develops COVID-19, they can take the following steps to help prevent it from spreading:
Staying in a separate room or bedroom.
Using a separate bathroom if possible.
Cleaning and disinfecting bathroom surfaces after using them.
Wearing a face mask when using communal areas.
Not sharing food and drink with people .
Wearing gloves while cleaning and disinfecting any shared surfaces.
6. Use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers
To protect yourself from COVID-19, wash your hands for at 20 seconds. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer or wash your hands with soap and water. If you use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, make sure you use and store it carefully;
Keep alcohol-based hand sanitizers out of children’s reach. Teach that how to use the sanitizer.
Apply a coin-sized amount on your hands. There is no need to use a large amount of the product.
Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose immediately after using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, it can cause irritation.
Hand sanitizers recommended to protect against COVID-19 are alcohol-based and therefore can be flammable. Do not use before handling fire or cooking.
Under no circumstance, drink or let children swallow an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It can be poisonous.
Remember that washing your hands with soap and water is also effective against COVID-19.
7. Do not gather in groups
Being in a group or gathering makes it more likely that you will be in the close contact with someone. This includes avoiding all religious places of worship. Maintain at least 1 meter distance from everyone. While coughing or sneezing. People should take care to avoid coming into close contact with others — especially those who are older, unwell, or have symptoms of the virus.
This is especially important for people at higher risk of getting seriously ill from COVID-19, such as older adults and people with the following underlying health conditions:
People at higher risk may also need to take extra precautions and staying at home.
8. Prevention in the workplace
Employers and workers can reduce the risk of coronavirus transmission in the workplace by:
Cleaning and disinfecting all surfaces regularly.
Encouraging regular hand-washing by putting up posters, supplying hand sanitizer,and providing access to soap and water.
Communicating clearly to employees that people will need to stay at home if theydisplay any symptoms of COVID-19, even if they are mild.
Getting employees to work from home whenever possible.
Provide social, financial, and mental health support to help people limit physical contact as much as possible.
9. Self-quarantine if sick
Call the doctor if you have any symptoms of COVID-19. Stay home until you recover. Avoid sitting, sleeping, or eating with your closest one even if you live in the same home.
Wear a mask and wash your hands for at least 20 seconds .If you get fever, cough and difficulty in breathing please self-isolate yourself and seek medical attention, this will not only protect you, will also save others from getting effected.
10. Stay home stay safe
During this global crisis we all need to come together and help, so many people are still not staying at home in countries when they should be, to help If you need urgent medical care, wear a mask and let them know you may have COVID-19.
COVID-19 outbreak continues to worsen across the globe. It is the responsibility of each one of us to take all the safety measures to control the transmission of coronavirus virus, so let us all follow the lock down guidelines by not going outside and maintaining the social distancing.
If you want to check current status of Corona Virus affected people click here.