The disease caused by an infection with SARS-CoV-2 is called COVID-19, which stands for coronavirus disease 2019 . A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been identified before in humans. This particular virus is called ‘2019-nCoV’.
Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus . Older people, and those who was under the medical problems such as cardiovascular disease,diabetes,chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop coronavirus.
Humans get first coronavirus case when it contact with animals. Then, it can spread from human to human. Health officials not know what animal caused COVID-19. The coronavirus also be caused by when touching an infected person.
Symptoms of coronavirus(COVID-19) may appear in 2 to 14 days after exposure. Common symptoms of coronavirus are :
Shortness of breath.
Other symptoms of coronavirus are :
Loss of smell.
Loss of taste.
These symptoms may become more in many people. Call emergency medical services if someone have following symptoms :
Blue lips or face.
Persistent pain or pressure in the chest.
Repeated shaking with chills.
Some people may have many symptoms, and some people may have no symptoms. People who are older or who under medical conditions, such as heart disease,lung disease,diabetes, chronic kidney or liver disease, or who have weak immune systems may be at higher risk of getting this virus.
Some people may experience this symptoms, such as worsened shortness of breath and pneumonia. Those who have weak immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. The most confirmed cases are in adults, but some children have been also infected. So , there is no evidence that small children are at greater risk for getting this COVID-19.
Older people and people who under health conditions have a higher risk for severe complications if they contract the virus. The health conditions include :
Immune system conditions, such as HIV.
Cancer that requires treatment.
Symptoms may take up to 14 days to appear after exposure to COVID-19. This is the longest known incubation period for this disease.
Recent evidence indicates that the virus can be transmitted to one person to another who is infected but not showing symptoms. This includes people who:
Have not yet developed symptoms (pre-symptomatic).
Never develop symptoms (asymptomatic).
While experts says that these kinds of transmissions are happening among those in close contact . This means it is extremely important to follow the proven preventative measures.
There is currently no vaccine or treatment for COVID-19. People can take steps to reduce the coronavirus infection. WHO and CDC recommend following these precautions for avoiding COVID-19:
Avoid large events and mass gatherings.
Avoid close contact (within about 6 feet, or 2 meters) with anyone who is sick or has symptoms.
Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds.
Don’t touch your face, eyes, nose, or mouth when your hands are dirty.
Clean any objects you touch a lot. Use disinfectants on objects like phones, computers, utensils, dishware, and doorknobs.
Avoid sharing of dishes, glasses and other household items if you are sick.
Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Cover your mouth and nose with tissue or mask when coughing or sneezing.
Miantain a safe distance from animals and avoid unnecessary contacts.
Seek medicial care if you have fever,cough and other symptoms of COVID-19.
Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities.
Don’t travel in case of sickness.
Indian government has advised citizens to avoid all “no-essential travel to China”.
Keep your surroundings clean, and practice good hygiene.
Try to take a healty diet. Following general healthy living advice such as eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated, being physically active, getting enough sleep, and managing stress are the best recommendation for staying healthy during quarantine or self-isolation. Follow this steps: